COVID-19 vaccine FAQs

This information addresses some of the most asked questions and concerns about the COVID-19 vaccine, so that you can feel safe and assured when getting your jab.

Staying up-to-date with your COVID-19 vaccination will significantly reduce your risk of developing severe COVID-19. It's safe, effective and gives you the best protection against the virus.

I want to know more about the vaccine

I am worried about the side-effects of the vaccine.

COVID-19 vaccines currently being used in the UK have gone through a rigorous process to ensure they are safe and effective. It is normal for some patients to experience mild side-effects such as pain at the injection site, feeling tired, headache, aches and chills. If required, you can treat these symptoms with painkillers, such as paracetamol (always follow the dosing instructions in the packaging). 

Can I trust the vaccine?

The COVID-19 vaccines have had to meet all of the expected clinical safety tests and follow rigorous steps throughout the vaccine development process. All the vaccines licensed within the UK have passed strict approval processes.

NHS England has produced a short video explaining what is in the vaccine and how it works to offer you protection against the virus.

Does catching COVID19 give you better immunity than the vaccine?

No – the vaccine provides the best possible protection for you and your family against the virus. It also reduces the risk of developing ‘Long Covid’ symptoms.

If COVID-19 is going away, do I need the vaccine?

Yes – COVID-19 and the Omicron variant is still infecting lots of people. It is still really important to get your vaccinations and keep them up-to-date.

Is the vaccine available/right for me?

I'm pregnant, is the vaccine safe for me and my baby?

Yes, getting your COVID-19 vaccine is the best way to protect you and your baby from the virus, and significantly reduces your risk of getting critically ill if you do get COVID-19.

There is no evidence to suggest that the COVID-19 vaccines used in England are unsafe for those who are pregnant, or that the vaccine will cause any problems for those planning to get pregnant in future. 

Can people who practice their religion get vaccinated? 

COVID-19 vaccination has been supported by many faith bodies; Churches, Imams, Rabbis and scholars of other faith have advised people to get vaccinated. The COVID-19 vaccines used in England do not contain any animal products, and the amount of ethanol (a type of alcohol) used is less than what you would find in bread. 

Can I get vaccinated against COVID-19 if I don't have a GP or ID?

Yes, the NHS wants to help protect everyone against the virus so the vaccine is free to everyone who is eligible. You do not need proof of address, ID or an NHS number, and your details will not be shared for immigration purposes. 

I have had COVID-19, should I get vaccinated?

Yes – we do not know how long immunity acquired by the infection lasts and it reduces over time. Vaccination provides a safe and effective boost to your immunity.

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